May 18, 2024
National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health

National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health

The most common symptom is the enlargement of the extremities, face, and/or jaw. Acrochordon – Also called skin tag or fibroepithelial polyp, it is a benign, cutaneous growth. Most commonly appear on the neck, groin, eyelids, and inframammary regions. Symptoms, inhaler, tonsillectomy – what do all those medical words mean? Check out our virtual glossary for lots of easy-to-read definitions. OA form of arthritis, occurring mainly in older persons, that is characterized by chronic degeneration of the cartilage of the joints.

Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. medical terms and definitions are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. This section deals with all med terms beginning with the letter A, and features medical roots, prefixes, and suffixes. If you’re not familiar with the lingo, medical terminology can leave your head spinning. Even if you have no intention of working in healthcare, it’s good to have a foundation of basics down as it will help you communicate with and understand the healthcare providers you’ll regularly interact with. MedTerms medical dictionary is the medical terminology for MedicineNet.com.

CHOREA – A disorder, usually of childhood, characterized by irregular, spasmodic involuntary movements of the limbs or facial muscles. CHIASM – Crossing of visual fibers as they head toward the opposite side of the brain. For each optic nerve most of the visual fibers cross to the opposite side, while some run directly backward on each side without crossing. CAUDA EQUINA – The bundle of spinal nerve roots arising from the end of the spinal cord and filling the lower part of the spinal canal.

In liver disease, the liver fails to clear ammonia, resulting in the accumulation of unmetabolized ammonia, a condition called hepatic encephalopathy. Amblyopia starts in childhood, usually between ages 5 and 9 and it’s the most common cause of vision loss in kids. Refractive errors, strabismus, clouding of the lens, intraocular tumor, or corneal injury are some conditions that lead to amblyopia. A condition in which the eye and brain fail to work together, resulting in vision impairment in just one eye. Also called “lazy eye”, amblyopia can occur in both eyes, which is rare.

The Forum also needs to distinguish good guidelines from bad and to communicate its expectations to contractors, expert panels, and others. Care may range from clearly appropriate to clearly inappropriate. Care that is not described by scientific evidence and expert judgment as either clearly one or the other may be termed equivocal. A practice might be labeled equivocal for empirical reasons; that is, the benefits and harms are uncertain.

6.A word or phrase should not be defined in terms of itself (for example, a practice guideline should not be defined using words such as “guiding medical practice”); the definition should not be tautological. It developed plans to offer medical care, hospital treatment, electricity, and water trucking. VENTRICULAR DRAINAGE – Insertion of a small tube into the ventricles to drain cerebrospinal fluid, usually performed when pressure is increased. TERATOMA – Tumor or growth made up of several different types of tissue (i.e. fat, bone, muscle, skin).

Furthermore, performance measures should be sensitive to what is not done as well as what is done. In proposing definitions, the committee wanted to make its rationale and purposes explicit. To that end, it identified six desirable, although not fully compatible, characteristics of a definition. These tables are commonly used to summarize medical literature, but they can also be applied to other sources of information. When such inhibition is a reaction to the injury by a mental protective state, he recommends combining the medical treatment with psychological therapy.

The rectangular mass of lymphoid tissues behind the nasal cavity, above the roof of the mouth. They are part of the immune system, which helps fight infection and protects the body from pathogens. In this article, we examine why it’s important to know medical terminology and list by category over 100 of the most useful medical terms and definitions to know. disclaimer content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only.

Therefore, the committee chose provisionally to view performance measures as instruments for recording or measuring data on performance. In this sense, a distinction is made between measuring and judging. Thus, a performance measure is more like a bathroom scale than it is a table of recommended weights by gender and body build. As defined here, practice guidelines include such varied means of assisting clinical decision-making as pathway guidelines or practice algorithms, boundary guidelines or appropriateness criteria, and practice parameters. With these criteria in mind, the committee reviewed definitions in common and professional use, developed draft definitions of terms, and then revised the definitions based on committee discussion. The following sections of the chapter describe the results of this process for each of the four key terms.

As noted earlier, some practice guidelines may translate into or be used as medical review criteria in a straightforward fashion (just as some foreign words and phrases—for example, caveat emptor—are easily used by English speakers). For practical or technical reasons, other guidelines may be more difficult or less suitable for use in this way. Similarly, the guidelines for managing incontinence may give rise to criteria for reviewing quality but none for making payment decisions. In addition, some committee members strongly disagreed with the committee’s decision not to refer explicitly to third-party payers and others in the definition of practice guidelines. In addition, the agency must arrange for the development of medical review criteria and other practice evaluation tools.

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